艺考生高考英语考点:非谓语动词之不定式用法(二)_至臻新闻
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    艺考生万博manbetx官网主页英语考点:非谓语动词之不定式用法(二)

    发布人: 万博manbetx官网app万博manbetx官网主页 发布日期:
    [摘要]在语法中,动词不定式是指动词的一种不带词形变化从而不指示人称、数量、时态的形式。它之所以被叫做不定式,是因为动词不被限定,或者说不被词形变化所局限。不定式属于非谓语动词。

    英语中的动词不定式在万博manbetx官网主页中是比较常见的。不定式在句子中可做主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和宾语补语。以下是动词不定时的用法解析,艺考生需牢记。

    非谓语动词用法详解
    非谓语动词用法详解

    1. (1)“wh- +不定式”结构不定式前加一个疑问代词(what, which, who, whom, whose)或疑问副词(where, when, how, why),以及连词whether构成特殊的不定式短语,其作用相当于一个从句,这样的不定式短语常在某些动词后面作宾语。常见的可以接这种动词不定式短语的动词有:know, see, decide, tell, ask, consider, discover, explain, findout, forget, guess, hear, imagine, inquire, learn, observe, perceive, remember, think, understand, wonder等。例如:

    ① I couldn’t decide which book to choose. I can tell youswheresto get this book.They found it hard to decide whether to go swimming next Sunday or to visit Aunt Sally in New Year.

    (2)“whword+不定式”结构除了作宾语外,还可以在句中作主语或者表语。例如:

    ② When to start the program remains undecided. The question is how to put the plansintospractice.

     

    2. 动词不定式作状语

    (1)不定式作状语表示目的。或用于so as和in order之后,来强调这种目的。例如:

    ① To learn a foreign language well, you must make painstaking efforts.

    ② Mother saved every cent she could spare to pay for my schooling.We must develop science and technology at high speed so as to raise scientific and cultural level of our country.

    ③ Insgroupsto get a high mark in Band 4, he did a lot of exercises both in grammar and reading comprehension.

    (2)动词不定式表示结果,特别是在so...as to, such...as to, only to...以及too...to等结构中的不定式表示结果。例如:

    ① I rushed to the station as fast as I could, only to find the train already gone.

    ② She left her hometown with her beloved man, never to return.No one is too old to learn.

    ③ Would you be so kind as to carry the luggage for me?

    (3)动词不定式常用来修饰形容词,构成下列词组:be able to, be afraid to, be apt to, be bound to, be certain to, be easy to, be eager to, be fit to, be likely to, be ready to, be sure to, be unable to, be unwilling to, be willing to等。例如:

    ① Chinese team is bound to win the World Cup.

    ② It is likely to rain today, for it is very cloudy.

    ③ I am willing to help you with your homework, for we are friends.

     

    3. 动词不定式作宾语补语不定式常跟在下列动词之后作宾语补语:ask, advise, allow, beg, cause, compel, command, enable, encourage, expect, feel, force, find, hear, have, inform, invite, let, make, mean, notice, order, permit, persuade, remind, require, request, teach, tell, urge, watch, warn, watch等。例如:

    ① Because of the complexity of the modern equipments, most offices require secretaries to have specified training.

    ② He asked you to call him at ten o’clock.

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    在英语语法中,非谓语动词一直是难点,也是很多学生排斥的语法学习部分。其实,仔细总结一下,我们会发现,所谓的“非谓语动词”其实并不陌生,很多都是平常常见的,甚至是常用的,只是我们并没有对号入座。因此,非谓语动词尽管听上去很陌生,但它其实早已融入到我们英语学习当中了。非谓语动词之不定式用法就讲解到这里,广大艺考生们是否学会了呢?